Arts in the Industrial Age (319-322)

Vocabulary

William Wordsworth and William Blake, and many others were part of a cultural movement called romanticism.
Romanticism-is an artistic style that emphasizes emotion, imagination, beauty, and freedom.
Lord Byron- George Gordon, he was a romantic writer who was larger-than-life to those around him and to those he created.
external image CharlesDickens.jpg
Ludwig van Beethoven- German Composer who combined classical forms with a stirring range of sound. He took full advantage of the broad range of instruments in the modern orchestra.
Realism- An attempt to represent the world as it was.
Charlie Dickens- English novelist, known for his detailed portrayals
of slum life and colorful characters
Gustavo Courbet- French realist, painted works such as The Stone Breakers.
Louis Daquerre- Improved on earlier technologies in photography.
Impressionism- Seeking to capture the first fleeting impression made by a scene or object on the viewers eye.
Claude Monet- Impressionist that brushed strokes of color side by side without blending.
Vincent Van Gogh- Dutch painter experimented with sharp brush lines and bright colors. Cut off his ear because he was in love.

The Romantic Revolt Against Reason

  • From 1750 to 1850, Romanticism dominated the western literature and arts.
  • Romanticism not refering to romance in a relationship but to imagination, freedom, and emotion.
  • Romanticism was the reaction of neoclassical writers of the enlightenment, who had turned to classical Greek and Roman literature and ideas that stressed order, harmony, reason, and emotional restraint.
  • Lord Byron, George Gordon, was considered a romantic hero. He was such a legend to the public other romantic heros were described as "Byronic."
  • Romantic writers like Alexandre Dumas and Victor Hugo combined folklore, history, and legend.
  • Architects were also inspired by the old forms and styles, so many buildings, including the British parliment, were modeled on medieval Gothic styles.
  • Romantic Composers like Ludwig van Beethoven tried to reach deep into his audiences emotion. He combined classical forms with a stirringg range of sound.
  • Romantic painters also came about during this time period. They painted with bright colors to show viloent emotion and energy.

How did romantic writers, musicians, and artists respond to the enlightenment?
-They revolted and started Romanticism. New romantic heros emerged like Lord Byron. New writers combined history, legend, and folktale to form a new style of writing. New forms of paintings, music also joined in, in this artistic revolution.

The Call to Realism

  • In the mid-1800, a new form of art arose. Realism represent the world as it was without the setiment like romanticism.
  • Realist work differed from romanticists by showing the harsher side of life in the cities.
  • Realists like Charles Dickens and Victor Hugo were committed to improving the lives of those he depicted.
  • Charles Dickens was a leader of the Realism movement. He portrayed the lives of slum dwellers and factory workers.
  • Henrik Ibsen helped realism get into plays and on the stage. He directed A doll's House and An Enemy of the People.
  • Realist painters differed from romantic painters because they lacked the emphasis on imagination and focused on working-class men and woman.
  • The Stone Breakers painted by Gustave Courbet showed two rough laborers on a country road.
http://www.artble.com/imgs/3/2/c/55784/vincent_van_gogh.jpg
http://www.artble.com/imgs/3/2/c/55784/vincent_van_gogh.jpg

How did the realism movement differ from the romantic movement?
-Realism represented the word as it was. Realists focused their work on the harsh side of life in cities and villages. The romantic movement was focused more on emphasizing emotion, imagination, beauty, and freedom.

The Visual Arts Take New Directions

  • A third new form of art arose during the Industrial revolution and it was called impressionism.
  • Louis Daquerre and William Fox improved earlier technologies to develop a camera with successful photographs.
  • Photographers wanted to show the harsh reality of life. Some pictures were of the aftermass of war.
  • With the development of photography you'd think that realist paintings would virtually vanish right? No, instead they developed a new form of painting called impressionism.
  • Impressionism took place in Paris, France.
  • Many realist would carefully finish their paintings so that no brush strokes would show. But people like Claude Monet and Edgar Degas brush stroked of color side by side without any blending. People enjoyed the new style of painting.
  • Impressionism became so wide-spread that it inspired others to form another style of art. These people were called Postimpressionists.
  • Postimpressionists such as Vincent van Gogh and Georges Seurat develped different styles of impressionism.

How did photography influence the development of painting?
-photography posed a challenge to painters. They developed new styles of paintings. This pushed for better advancements in paintings and new artists arose.
http://michaelshreve.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/courbet.jpg
http://michaelshreve.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/courbet.jpg

Extra information:

Several new forms of art evolved during the Industrial Revolution. It became more realistic and showed emotions. Art changed during the Industrial Revolution because it helped workers get away from the horrible factories and look at the positive side of things. The forms of art were Romanticism, Realism, and Impressionism. Romanticism was very pleasant and showed the brighter side of the times.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/Claude_Monet_1899_Nadar_crop.jpg/200px-Claude_Monet_1899_Nadar_crop.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/Claude_Monet_1899_Nadar_crop.jpg/200px-Claude_Monet_1899_Nadar_crop.jpg

The paintings captured imagination, freedom, emotion, glorification of nature, and intense feelings. Realism represented the world as it was. It showed the work on the harsh side of life in cities or villages. Artists such as Emile Zola and Henrik Ibsen arose as Realists. Charles Dickens was probably the most famous novelist who portrayed Realism during this time. Finally, Impressionism took root in Paris and was a challenge to realism painters during this period. Impressionist tried to capture the human eye's first perception of a scene. With the invention of photography by Louis Daguerre and William Fox, there was no need for painters during this time right? Wrong, artists showed brush strokes and other things photographers couldn't do. Art made people happy and forget the hard times during the Industrial Revolution.

Claude Monet's form of art was more impressionism because of his blurred brush strokes and light in his pictures. Edgar Degas and Claude Monet became huge during this time period and are still famous today.

Considered one of the greatest writers during his time is Charles Dickens. He reached a wider group of people than any other author did during his time. Dickens questioned the assumptions and institutions of 19th-century British society. He was known for his detailed portrayals of slum life and colorful characters. The industrial Revolution was a BOOM for arts and it spread throughout the world.

Romanticism:
-William Wordsworth
-William Blake
-Lord Byron, George Gordon
-Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
-Victor Hugo
-Ludwig van Beethoven
http://community.digitalmediaacademy.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Louis-Daguerre.jpeg
http://community.digitalmediaacademy.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Louis-Daguerre.jpeg

Realism:
-Charles Dickens
-Victor Hugo also
-Henrik Ibsen
-Emile Zola
-Gustave Courbet

Impressionism:
-Claude Monet
-Edgar Degas
-Vincent Van Gogh

Postimpressionism:
-Georges Seurat
-Vincent van Goah
-Paul Gauguin

Practice Quiz Packet:
1.E. a style of painting that began in France.
2.G. a Dutch painter known for his bold colors
3.D. an artistic style that tries to accurately represent the world
4.A. a poet who wrote in the romatic style
5.B. an artistic style that emphasizes emotion, imagination, beauty, and freedom.
6. Simple language, intense feelings, and love of nature characterized English Writers. C
7. The two leading realists were Emile Zola and Henrik Ibsen. C
8. Charles dickens was known for his detailed portayals of slum life and colorful characters. D
9. Louis Daguerre was a pioneer in the field of photography. A
10. The group of artists that tried to capture the human eye's first perception of a scene was the impressionist artists. C

Reference:

http://batakiblog.blogspot.com/2008/02/art-industrial-revolution.html
http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/317023?terms=charles+dickens